DRINA RADIO NETWORK
full years has passed since the war in Bosnia ended and peace process started
being implemented as well as the process of reconciliation, repatriation of
refugees and overall democratization of society in Bosnia and Herzegovina (BH).
Certain success has been achieved, but democracy is still far away from everyday
lives of ordinary people.
situation is much better than in earlier years, relations among the three
constitutional peoples are significantly better than before, but real democratic
BH is still far away.
laws in BH bring new opportunities for market economy and private enterprise,
but the largest capital is still owned by the state, with vague tendency towards
privatisation. Even in cases of implemented privatisation, process is slow and
favorable for financial tycoons and individuals who gained enormous profits
during the war and in early post-war years. Ordinary people have no chance of
participating as decision-making factor. Economic and financial flow is directed
by economic pools controlled by war-profiteers of all ethnic bakcgrounds, who
had lot of money and large property when the process of privatisation officially
began. Dirty war money became main mass of money for import of profitable goods
and export of raw materials to European and Asian markets. Current economic establishment was formed in that way and
fitted into new democratic trends. Their domination and monopoly in this small
and poor market is tolerated by government institutions. Links between new
tycoons and government officials are obvious, and those links caused many
community in BH tries to normalize society in its foundations and upon basic
principles of democracy. However, activities of international community are
often obstructed and sabotaged by local and government institutions. Most
illustrative examples can be seen in the implementation of policy of
repatriation of refugees, return of property to its rightful owners and process
of reconciliation and establishment of trust.
fierceful disputes are in those fields, as well as numerous misunderstandings
and disagreements. Numer of refugees who returned to their homes is purely
symbolic as well as number of people who work on recovery of inter-ethnic trust.
Most prominent example is the town of Srebrenica, where despite 4 years of
multi-ethnic local government and two multi-ethnic local assemblies, number of
repatriated refugees or household properties retunred to their owners is only
causes for such situation are obstructions by both extremist Serbs and Bosnians.
Ordinary Serbs and Bosnians could quickly understand each other and solve
problems. However, political extremists are still dominant in society. Social
coflicts and stagnation suit them. Extremists used conflict to build up their
own political existence. Removal of conflicts would seriously jeopardize
scene in Republika Srpska is significantly better than it used to be several
years ago. Many media have been launched in meantime, but their editorial
policies are based upon entertainment content and rarely on information or
media-owners try to gain profit from show-business, and few ty to provide
picture of reality to their audiences.
that based their programming mostly on information and news are in difficult
position. Almost all political parties and groups often accuse those media for
something on political basis. There is no relevant news media that had no
problems with extremists.
media were often accused of “inter-linking with enemies of the Serbs and spy
organizations”, and of “working for dollars.” This propaganda against
independent media was encouraged from Serbian secret police during the reign of
the former regime there.
Drina Network was founded in 1997 as a common programming network of five radio
stations. The Network is managed by representatives from all stations. Its basic
goal is to network stations and thus ensure their better position in information
and marketing sectors.
has 5 affiliates and we are waiting for the launch of another station (Radio
MOST – Visegrad). Networks includes Radio PAN, Radio OSVIT, Radio PALMA, Radio
MAGIC, Radio DRINA and central studio in Bijeljina. Central studio produces
common network programs for all affiliates. Network programming also includes
separate programs produced by individual affiliates. Central Internet server is
located in the central studio and it enables existence of our internal network
as well as access to global Internet. Editorial policy is in hands of each
particular station, they are independent from each other. However, each
affiliate respects certain basic principles of professional and responsible
journalism. Those principles were defined by the Drina Network Programming
Declaration, accepted by all affiliates. Central studio produces its own
programming with participation of all affiliates according to the attached
programming schedule. Drina Network programming includes both common network
programs and programs produced by specific affiliates on one and the same
frequency. Each station contributes with its own programs to programming
broadcast from central studio. Besides, there is a bilateral horizontal exchange
among affiliates themselves. Geographic area covered by the Drina Network
includes whole eastern part of BiH and large part of western Serbia, as well as
some parts of Croatia and Vojvodina. In biH, programming can be picked up both
in Republika Srpska and in parts of Federation of BiH. Basic aim is to broadcast
common programs on one frequency of the Drina Network, and strengthening of the
network through this common programming. Strengthening is also supposed to
include development of marketing / advertisement sector, because only a strong
station can secure sufficient advertisement potential for itself in order to be
P.O. Box, CH-8031