Association of Independent Electronic Media
After the dramatic changes in FR Yugoslavia in September
and October 2000, the media scene in the country is undergoing extensive
re-shaping. In addition to the independent news outlets that have developed over
the past decade and formed a strong front over the past three years that was
nevertheless subject to intensive obstruction at the hands of the former regime,
the changes in the government have lead to a sort of liberation of the
state-controlled media, which is still mostly superficial.
Although the international community will want to reform
the state media and invest a lot of its resources there, the state media will
probably follow the example of all other Central and Eastern European countries
and not become independent. Therefore independent non-state national
broadcasting will remain necessary as a truly independent ‘watch-dog force’
over the political and social developments in the country.
Democracy is not built overnight. Government needs
constant pressure from free media, to keep it on democratic paths. While
Yugoslavia has many “newly liberated” media outlets, they have yet to prove
themselves; ANEM’s independent media voice will continue to play a vital role
in helping carry Serbia into democracy.
ANEM and B92 will in the next several months work out a
detailed plan to handle the transition towards a fully self-sustainable
organisation of well-positioned and well-formatted news outlets in the new
environment, while continuing to provide credible, accurate, timely and balanced
news and information – the cornerstone of regional democratisation and
long-term stability – to audiences in FR Yugoslavia, and to facilitate the
exchange of information and news though cooperation of the independent broadcast
outlets in the region.
In 1993 a group of
local independent broadcast media in Serbia and Montenegro - Radio B92, Radio
Bum 93, Radio Antena M4,
Radio Bajina Basta, Radio Smederovo, Radio Kragujevac and NTV Studio B - founded
the Association of Independent Electronic Media (ANEM).
From the outset,
ANEM's overarching aim has been to build a Network of professional broadcast
media across Serbia and Montenegro, which is equipped to provide citizens with
timely, accurate and balanced news, political analysis and public information.
The stations are all united by a shared commitment to the fundamental principles
of professional journalistic ethics and standards, democracy, respect for human
rights and tolerance.
crackdown on some of the ANEM stations early in 1996 left the Association with
only four active members - Radio B92, Radio Bum 93, Radio Antena M and Radio
Bajina Basta. In December 1996 this number fell to three when the Serbian
government also banned Radio Bum 93. However, building on the political gains of
the 1996-97 mass civic demonstrations, ANEM launched in June 1997 a Radio
Network with 19 affiliated independent local radio stations (including a small
number of television outlets) across Serbia and Montenegro, increasing Network
impact and coverage dramatically. In September 1997 ANEM pressure on the
government also led to the lifting of the year ban on Radio Bum 93. By June
1998, the ANEM radio Network had expanded to include 35 stations and had built a
collective audience reach of 1.6 million – rivaling for the first time
state-controlled Radio Belgrade (with 2.4 million).
1998 and 1999 government officials stepped up repression against ANEM Network
stations, and a number of affiliates were banned or taken over. Then under cover
of the NATO air strikes the authorities seized control of the Network flagship
Radio B92 and closed down 8 other members. However, by August 1999, all
affiliates banned during the NATO air strikes had returned to the air. Today the
Radio Network’s current membership of 28 has a collective coverage of 55% of
the population of Serbia and 80% of Montenegro. It has an estimated audience
reach of 1.1 million.
international news and current affairs programming for the ANEM Radio Network is
produced by the team of professional journalists that were expelled from B92.
This programme – B(2)92 – is available to stations for re-broadcast via
ANEM became a
legal entity in December 1997. ANEM is registered under Serbian Company law as a
business association of three (founding) associate members (Radio B92, Radio Bum
92 and RTV Bajina Basta) and an unspecified number of affiliates.
In 1998, ANEM's
radio affiliates also elected members to three committees, which manage the
Network on a daily basis. These committees are for: programming, commercial
management and technical development.
ANEM currently gathers 31 radio
and 18 television stations (please refer to the list below). In addition, some
50 more stations have applied for membership. All carry ANEM network news and
current affairs programs.
In Serbia, the ANEM and B92
programming represents the most important, and trusted source of professional
national and international news for local audiences. In Montenegro, ANEM members
serve as an important bridge between the information environments of the two
republics. The B92 news for ANEM provides audiences in Montenegro with news
about developments in Belgrade and Serbia that would not otherwise be available,
as does the news from Montenegro stations provide information for audiences in
Collective coverage of the
project via terrestrial broadcast on ANEM radio affiliates, excluding Kosovo, is
currently an estimated at least 75% of the overall population.
on September 20, 2000
Radio 021, Novi Sad
Radio Boom93, Pozarevac
Radio B92, Belgrade
Radio Cetinje (Montenegro)
Radio City, Nis
Radio Drina, Skelani
Radio Globus, Kraljevo
8 Radio Impuls, Vrsac
9 Radio Jasenica, Smederevska Palanka
Radio Kontakt Plus, Kosovska Mitrovica (Kosovo)
Radio Kontakt, Pristina (Kosovo)
Radio Kotor (Montenegro)
Radio M+, Mladenovac
Radio Ozon, Cacak
Radio Patak, Valjevo
Radio Petica, Nis
RTV Bajina Basta
RTV Devic, Smederevska Palanka
RTV VK, Kikinda*
Basta, Bajina Basta
RTV Ibarske novine, Kraljevo
RTV Kragujevac, Kragujevac
RTV Pancevo, Pancevo
RTV Pirot, Pirot
RTV Pozega, Pozega
RTV Trstenik, Trstenik
STV Negotin, Negotin
TV 5, Uzice
Obiliceva, Novi Knezevac
TV Lav, Vrsac
TV Soko, Soko
NOTE The following stations applied for membership in ANEM
by September 20:
Vladicin Han, Zitoradja
TV Sumadija, Arandjelovac
Jedinstvo, Novi Pazar
Apolo, Novi Sad
Antena M left the network voluntarily in October 1998.
P.O. Box, CH-8031